Production of specialty crops such as vegetables, herbs, berries, and ornamental crops can be started on a small acreage . Small acreage Desert farming is the practice of developing agriculture in deserts.As agriculture depends upon irrigation and water supply, farming in arid regions where water is scarce is a challenge. Mild winters allow for the harvest of cool weather crops and hot summers help make citrus sweet, chiles spicy and dates ripen. Introduction. In the Negev Desert, there is evidence to suggest agriculture as far back as 5000 BC. Figure 1 shows the common crops grown in Arizona and the acres in production for each type of crop for 2012, the year of the latest published Census of Agriculture. Specialty Crop Production Practices for Beginning . There are several grain pests that are of major concern to Arizona. In Arizona, there are a handful of months out of the year where it seems impossible anything can grow outside because of the extreme heat. The crops that are grown to feed the human population are known as food crops. Also, some vegetables grow better from seed while others should be transplanted. Food Crops. The 2017 Agricultural Survey contains estimates that are approximately comparable for some crop types. Arizona produces a variety of grain crops that are safeguarded from dangerous plant pests including the Khapra beetle and European corn borer through inspections, trapping and monitoring of facilities that handle these products. However, rice is still very popular today. Most of the cash crops grown in the developing nations are sold to the developed nations for a better price. However, desert farming has been practiced by humans for thousands of years. Regional Variations in Arizona Local Foods Exactly what is in season in Tuscon or Phoenix and Scottsdale or Flagstaff can differ greatly at any … Grains, such as corn, wheat, and rice, are the world’s most popular food crops. The crops that were grown in ANCIENT CHINA were usually different kinds of rice. Rice was a very popular crop grown in the ancient times. Farmers in Arizona and the Southwest. Well-known cash crops include coffee, tea, cocoa, cotton, and sugarcane. Ursula K. Schuch. A crop is a plant or plant product that can be grown and harvested for profit or subsistence. This is the home page for the Arizona Crop Information Site which provides independent, research-based desert crop production and protection information from the University of Arizona. By use, crops fall into six categories: food crops, feed crops, fiber crops, oil crops, ornamental crops, and industrial crops. Specialty crops… Food crops, such as fruit and vegetables, are harvested for human consumption. and over time expand to a commercial farm. Surprisingly, many vegetables can grow in the Arizona desert—you just need to plant them at the right times. There are a number of food crops grown in the country. 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