Leadership is the ability of a manager to induce the subordinates to work with confidence and zeal. Keith Devis said that leadership is the process of encouraging and helping others to work enthusiastically toward objectives. Group members are not powerless; they can shape group activities in some ways. There are two main approaches to leadership- traitist and situationist.In the early times leadership was considered to originate from the personal qualities of the leader and insufficient attention was given to the contribution of the group structure and situation. Leadership style is the result of the leader’s philosophy, personality, value system, and experience. In fact, “leadership” and “management” are different. • The controversy about differences between leadership and management • The different indicators used to assess leadership effectiveness • What aspects of leadership have been studied the most during the past 50 years? In fact, “leadership” and “management” are different. Leading is a very demanding job both physically and psychologically. It is a process of social influence in which one person can enlist the aid and support of others in the accomplishment of a common task. Leadership is essential for managing. The nature of leadership – an essential understanding for aspiring leaders April 20, 2016. }����Ay��U;���G�\K���?�[�b?-FT����k�9.��*��������b�~&�B�w�Wq���t����k��բiT���Q2SdS��2���cp(�Ot 9/O}C.��`�_����U�� DK�>�ij ���Q�~�� �N�D�9�(�-�r���J�J �i��&��i�Ex�=;R��0��#�F��N]�e96Y��e?��Δ� �����l+F1g��:cƙ8c�@�����K��c�S���Y�Xɑ7�r͒�;OҔஉ��+�ƌX퀲h0c�N�x�N��a/�B �sR�O��3�(�e�Dc3u����GU�рڗ���j:���������xBKV]���l���*K�P��vÏ�/�Y�&�|[�ZR��p@�av��c��L�=��������BM��F�]'� K���k�E�I ��$#)�3�Sl�f��������� Hu.���|$TU��Z0����K`Y������3^+�ڮ�4���s|Z��{��\`��!8�O����ԋ�q�D�e�����h"w4�'���g�]�Ќ�fQt�fgÕ�1gbר�P�QF����m�d��Ʀ�{yJ����ŷH�F3Ϡ�%X�CQ��(ILt���p�i��E����р�C���:�롟�Hb�Q�$`ޙowfq�7�� ��hɟ�h&lс�]j�J�x{����[���j3 Ideally, people should be encouraged to develop not only a willingness to work but also a willingness to work with confidence and zeal. Leaders can influence workers either to do ill or well for the company. The leader must have the strength, power, and ability to meet the bodily requirements; zeal, energy, and patience to meet the mental requirements for leading. As a process, leadership involves the use of no coercive influence to direct & coordinate the activities of the members of an organized group towards the achievement of group objectives. Leadership is the ability of a superior to influence the behavior of a subordinate or group and persuade them to follow a particular course of action. In the course of his survey of leadership theories and research; Stogdill came across innumerable definitions of leadership. Leadership can be defined both as process and property. Leadership is to be concerned about values. It is the art of inspiring subordinates or followers to perform their duties willingly, competently, and enthusiastically. Moreover, people tend to follow those whom they see as providing a means of achieving their desires, needs and wants. The ability to lead effectively is one of the keys to being an effective manager because she/he has to combine resources and lead a group to achieve objectives. Leadership is the potential to influence the behavior of others. ��A�Kr��3�_� /�B|DqpG�$ �"Oh僿9��j�� �ǩ_E��ڊ~84�՟��q�~��{���B���E!��=����=+� /lʓ I5��އ���:��u�>(R�� L��J���эMղSՏ��$ʂ�?V��^��5��Z"��l��F�t{6"ܪ��s36bpL��r.���Y�k7�N��[%!>d?l�+������U� In other words, it is the willingness of people to follow a person that makes that person a leader. Such qualities include; ability to inspire the other, ability, to understand human behavior, the ability of verbal assertiveness, willingness to take the risk. Leaders can influence the followers’ behavior in some ways. As a property, leadership is a set of qualities or characteristics attributed to those who are perceived to successfully employ such influence. Leadership derives from the power and is similar to, yet distinct from, management. The Nature of Leadership What is the nature of leadership and the leadership process? �̈_U��������,S�j�Y�Ez���=�q��ܶ/#;'�䡦>"��>��Z/u�^��m��6�T-$!����h)�s��%��"*�m�(�. Leadership style refers to a leaders’ behavior towards group members. A leader can encourage or dampen workers’ motivation by creating a favorable or unfavorable working environment in the organization. The leader must co-exist with the subordinates or followers and must have a clear idea about their demands and ambitions. By understanding motivation, one can appreciate better what people want and why they act as they do. This creates loyalty and trust in subordinates for their leader. A leader acts to help a group achieve objectives through the exploitation of its maximum capabilities. %PDF-1.2 %���� There can be leaders of completely unorganized groups, but there can be managers only of organized groups. Confidence reflects the experience and technical expertise; zeal is earnestness, and intensity in the execution of work. Leadership is situation bound. An analysis of the definitions cited above reveals the following important characteristics of leadership: 1. DEFINITIONS OF LEADERSHIP 4. `�� ��#t�@�����@��d�e�j�9r�u�5 F%��l&���z���:�=n\��tU��֣�t6�rY"��ȶP��@~C��у�`� �v�% endstream endobj 82 0 obj 364 endobj 60 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 54 0 R /Resources 61 0 R /Contents 64 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 595 841 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 595 841 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 61 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F1 62 0 R /F2 68 0 R /F3 71 0 R /F5 72 0 R /F6 74 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 76 0 R >> >> endobj 62 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 240 /Widths [ 250 271 406 667 500 823 771 177 333 333 500 667 271 333 271 281 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 271 271 668 667 668 385 917 771 667 719 823 667 667 823 823 385 438 823 667 990 823 771 604 771 771 552 667 823 719 990 771 771 667 271 281 271 469 500 333 500 552 438 552 438 333 500 552 271 271 552 271 823 552 552 552 552 385 385 333 552 500 719 500 500 438 479 198 479 542 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 438 500 0 0 0 0 0 760 0 0 0 250 0 0 250 667 250 250 0 521 250 250 250 250 250 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 250 0 250 250 0 0 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 500 0 0 0 271 271 0 250 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 250 ] /Encoding /MacRomanEncoding /BaseFont /EEBLGH+TimesNRMT /FontDescriptor 63 0 R >> endobj 63 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 719 /CapHeight 717 /Descent -197 /Flags 34 /FontBBox [ -94 -241 1006 916 ] /FontName /EEBLGH+TimesNRMT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 82 /XHeight 477 /CharSet (/w/slash/i/semicolon/L/H/endash/y/zero/j/M/l/g/one/k/ampersand/O/z/A/two\ /m/quoteright/three/o/parenleft/R/question/underscore/p/a/S/parenright/f\ our/q/quoteleft/five/N/K/B/U/r/T/space/b/six/C/V/s/seven/W/d/c/D/comma/F\ /t/eight/X/copyright/e/E/G/hyphen/u/nine/f/Y/n/I/P/v/period/colon/h/Z/x/\ J) /FontFile3 77 0 R >> endobj 64 0 obj << /Length 2441 /Filter /FlateDecode >> stream Thus leaders are people who can influence the behaviors of others without having to rely on force or people whom others accept as leaders. Followers learn ethics and values from their leaders. The leader must be able to empower and motivate the followers to the cause. It also depends on the types of followers and organizational atmosphere prevailing in the enterprise. Leadership Continuum: Tannenbaum and Schmidt Leadership Continuum, Leadership: Definition, Nature, Styles of Leadership, Difference Between Transactional and Transformational Leadership, Transformational Leadership: Definition, Examples, Elements, Advantages, Disadvantages, Transactional Leadership - Definition, Types, Characteristics, Examples, Managerial Grid Model of Leadership Explained, Likert 4 Management Leadership Styles Explained, 4 Functions of Management Process: Planning, Organizing, Leading, Controlling, Motivation: Definition, Features, Objectives, Path-Goal Theory of Leadership (Explained), Group: Definition, Functions, Types of Groups, inspires the group to accomplish organizational goals, help define a group or organizational culture, Likert’s Four Styles of Managerial Leadership, ← Difference Between Transactional and Transformational Leadership. Can simply be defined both as process and property style refers to a leaders ’ behavior towards members... 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