(0381g) Урок 1. Nominative case of Russian nouns Russian grammar--> Russian cases--> Nominative Case The nominative case is a set of word forms (in singular and plural) the basic function of which is to mark the subject of the sentence.. - Он – учитель. In both of these sentences, the noun is in the nominative case and is the subject of the sentence. You'll find the activities divided into 3 different levels (from beginner to advanced) and every exercise consist of a 10-question test. )- Lyosha! The independent nominative case can be used as: - Автобус подъехал. – My name is Maria. (0368g) Recognizing Russian Names of Cities. A man is walking. In English adjectives are invariable but in Russian, adjectives agree with the noun they describe in gender, number and case. 101 Personal Pronouns 102 Gender. Which is not that bad if you compare Russian to Finnish with its 15 cases! Plural forms are made by adding an ending (generally, for masculine) or by changing the ending. Maia Nikitina is a writer and Russian language translator. Its equivalent in English is any noun or pronoun that is the subject of a verb. Студент говорит. Textbook Exercise 1-22. (pyech)- A stove. The above table represents only regular endings, but certain Russian nouns form their plural forms in a particular manner. - Наша семья любит отдыхать на море. Russian Grammar test: Cases By Yulia Amlinskaya. There are three main noun declensions in Russian: - конь (singular, masculine, ending in a "zero ending"). When deciding which ending to use when declining a noun by case, you should look at what declension it is rather than what gender, as it is the declension that will determine the correct ending. (kaNYETS - DYEloo VYEnets)- All is well that ends well. Russian has six cases (nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, prepositional). 0% complete. Determine which case should be used in Russian for the underlined words Usually a noun "that is doing something" is in nominative case in a Russian … The answers are provided in the end. It is in nominative case form and indicates the doer of the action. (OHN - ooCHEEtel')- He is a teacher. To mark the grammatical subject of the sentence. - Печь еще долго теплилась. (literally: They call me Maria). The Russian dative case is easy. The nominative case in Russian identifies the subject of a sentence and answers the questions кто/что (ktoh/chtoh), meaning who/what. - Какие теплые ночи здесь! The word Москва (Moscow) is in the nominative case and indicates the name of the hotel. (NAsha syemYA LYUbit atdyHAT' na MOrye)- My family likes to go on vacation to the seaside. In apposition, i.e. All nouns and pronouns in Russian dictionaries are given in the nominative case. (0815) Say it in Russian. (00364g) Prepositional Case of Nouns. Before we look at the endings in the nominative case, it is important to understand what we mean by declensions in the Russian language. (0369g) Recognizing Russian Names of People. They usually serve to determine the gender and the declension type of a noun. Russian online grammar exercises on nouns cases. - Мы долго бродили по городу. 1. - Времена сейчас такие. Learn some basic Russian with these ten free online grammar exercises. This case answers the questions кто/что (ktoh/chtoh), which translate as … Russian grammar exercises. I didn’t even know what the Russian nominative case was until several months into learning Russian. Though German has only four cases. Today we will only speak about the first two cases – Nominative and Genitive. Nouns in accusative: Masculine 1 Masculine 2 Feminine 1 Feminine 2 Neuter. Beginner level. 101 Personal Pronouns 102 Gender. She holds a Diploma in Translation (IoLet Level 7) from the Chartered Institute of Linguists. 3. - He is a student. Челове́к is in the Nominative – Ча́шка упа́ла и разби́лась. 2. So, having the nouns straight from the dictionary, you can make some simple sentences with the subject (noun or pronoun) and the predicate (represented by the verb or other nouns). (0814) Мой или моя. - Дверь медленно отворилась. The word студент (student) is the subject of the sentence. - This restaurant is near the hotel "Moskva". This test has 15 questions. It is in nominative case form and indicates the subject of the state. 103 Plural 104 Cases 105 Nominative Case 106 Accusative Case 107 Genitive Case 108 Dative Case 109 Instrumental Case 110 Prepositional Case (LAMpah zazhGLAS')- The lamp/light came on. The dependent nominative case is used as: - Конец – делу венец. In a sentence, the Nominative case is taken by the subject – acting noun or pronoun. masculine and neuter nouns add an у sound to their ending; feminine nouns change their а sound to an е sound; nouns in plural form add ам; you use the dative case when you mean ‘to’ something or someone. 103 Plural 104 Cases 105 Nominative Case 106 Accusative Case 107 Genitive Case 108 Dative Case 109 Instrumental Case 110 Prepositional Case - Tom is a doctor. To mark the grammatical subject of the sentence. (0662) Dictation. - The student is speaking. (afTOboos padYEkhal)- The bus arrived. Uses of the Nominative. (dvyer' MYEDlena atvaREElas')- The door opened slowly. 1. (vryemeNAH syCHAS taKEEye)- These are the times now. Recognizing Russian Words. - Наташа, возьми трубку. Cause let’s face it: if you know that the subject of a sentence should be in the nominative case + you know how to recognize it, you already know 80% there is to know about this case.. And you can learn that in 30 minutes. This case answers the questions кто/что (ktoh/chtoh), which translate as who/what. Most Russian parts of speech, including nouns, are declined by numbers (singular/plural), cases, and sometimes genders. - Russian Nouns Declension, You can find more examples of word forms in nominative singular and nominative plural on the page Russian nouns declension, Этот ресторан находится рядом с гостиницей, Plural forms of Russian nouns (Nominative Plural). - Наши папы - учителя. - Мой коллега-англичанин не любил опаздывать. The nominative case is a set of word forms (in singular and plural) the basic function of which is to mark the subject of the sentence. (0658) Dictation. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. (0371) Recognizing Russian Consonants. - Лампа зажглась. Everything is good in its season, and if you are reading this page now it is definitely the right time for you to become an expert in Russian language cases. Russian grammar exercises Let's practise the Russian cases. The table below represents regular endings for singular and plural nominative case forms: Nominative singular forms are normally given in the dictionary. Том - доктор. Nominative case is by far the simplest one. The term "nominative" dates back to the ancient Greek tradition. The nominative case in Russian—именительный падеж (imeNEEtelny paDYEZH)—is the basic case and serves to identify the subject of a verb. RUSSIAN CASES. When you look up a Russian word in the dictionary, it always appears in the nominative case, and you don’t have to change any inflections. (my DOLga braDEEli pa GOradoo)- We wandered around the city for a long time. Textbook Exercise 1-22. They’re completely free to use – no registration required! Agree with the noun they describe in gender, Number and case you with a great user.. The door opened slowly in English is any noun or pronoun DOLga tyepLEElas ' ) - He is teacher... 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