E.g Ist das ein Apfel? If there is no specific part of the sentence that is being negated, nicht will come at the end. These rules can have exceptions, and it is difficult to learn them all, but one quickly develops an instinct for the proper position of “nicht” in most cases, so this should not worry you. I know that it's Ich bin keine Aerztin, but I don't know when to use which aside from that situation, and "sein" situations in general. a noun preceded by a “possessive adjective” (e.g. • Nicht is used with verbs and adjectives, whereas Kein is used with nouns. E.G. Does "Ich mag das Wasser nicht" mean "I do not like that water," like a water in particular? In comparisons with sondern we can use both kein and nicht.. Example sentences: Ich kann hier nicht parken. a proper noun (i.e. Belajar bahasa Jerman bisa menjadi tugas yang sulit bagi orang-orang berbahasa Inggris. She didn’t buy a jacket, but trousers. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Bahkan jika Anda tahu bahwa Nein adalah kata yang digunakan untuk mengatakan tidak di Jerman, Anda mungkin bingung melihat kata keterangan Nicht dan kata sifat Kein digunakan dalam bahasa Jerman, untuk mengungkapkan negasi. Okay, the quick answer is that nicht is used in any situation except in direct relation to a noun, then you use a form of kein. “mein,” “dein,” etc.) This means you now have to think about the context of the sentence as you say it and think about which German word you need to use. :) ) by the very first one: if I want to emphasize something that is being negated, nicht will precede that thing, even if it normally would not: Dictionary Links - Nein, das Bier schmeckt nicht (gut). “mein,” “dein,” etc. [Reminder: prepositions are little words (other than articles) that come in front of nouns: in, on, under, with, near, after, before, for, through etc. Index of Video Lectures, Deutsch 101 & 102 Ich verstehe dich. Nein, sie ist nicht … End of the free exercise to learn German: Negation -nicht and kein A free German exercise to learn German. DWDS Wortinformation Canoo Wörterbücher und Grammatik, Usage Resources The subject, the verb, and the direct object (if there is one): Ich sehe den Stuhl, Expressions of specific time: Ich arbeite. Perhaps the most common words used in German negation are nicht (not) and kein(no, none). The more specific rules about the position of nicht are all generalizations about what types of things are or are not likely to be specifically negated in a sentence. I'm not sure I quite understand the difference between Ich mag das Wasser nicht VS Ich mag kein Wasser. Pronunciation Links (Er ist kein Lehrer would mean that he’s not a teacher at all.) “nicht” will come just before the verb at the end of the sentence. Kein agrees with gender. Using kein/nicht with sondern. will precede the noun. • When the noun to be negated is a definite article, Kein is … Tools. a name, usually following “sein” or “heißen”), Nicht will precede the specific word that is being negated. Other German exercises on the same topic : Negation | All our lessons and exercises Ich will nicht ins Kino gehen. Duden Wörterbuch, General Links Decide whether to use nicht or kein… The underlined part of the sentence should be negated. • While Kein is used to reflect No, Nicht is used to reflect Not and Don’t. Over time you will instinctively know and yo… There are only three options used for negating in German: nein, nicht or kein. a noun preceded by ein/eine. → [That’s not a radio. The problem arises because in English we just have one word that covers both: not. It translates from English as ‘no’, ‘not a’, and ‘not any’. With "kein" you can only negate a Noun with its definit/undefinit article or no article. Would "Ich mag dieses Wasser nicht" mean that you don't like that particular water that you have next to you? Langenscheidt online dictionary E.g Magst du einen Apfel ? Ist die Uhr alt? All Rights Reserved. Could someone explain to me when to use "kein" and when to use "nicht"? Wikipedia – Deutsch Nouns and adjectives following the verb “sein” (i.e. Linguee online dictionary Spielst du gern Tennis? I didn’t order coffee, but tea. ]|negation of verb → nicht; Das ist ein Radio. Example: Ich habe nicht Kaffee, sondern Tee bestellt. ⇨ I can’t park here. the part that does not have an ending that agrees with the subject of the sentence) must come last. Finally, note that all of these rules may be “overruled” (get it? But when and how to use which one can be a tiny bit confusing, as they work a little differently than their English counterparts. Sie hat sich nicht eine Jacke gekauft, sondern eine Hose. Let’s take a look! When to use “kein/e” In German, we use “kein” or “keine” if we want to negate a noun. If it is not the noun you are negating, you can forget the above rules and just use “nicht.”. a noun preceded by “der/das/die.”. © University of Michigan. ), a proper noun (i.e. Schmeckt das Bier? predicate nouns and adjectives): Die Professorin, Adverbs or adverbial phrases describing how or where something is done or happening: Ich wandere, Expressions of indefinite time: Ich fliege, Prepositional phrases. ]|proper name → nicht Meine Freundin ist nicht neu in der Klasse. In particular, when negating phrasal verbs like “Tennis/Basketball/Schach spielen,” “Ski laufen” or “Auto fahren,” in which the noun is so closely linked to the verb that it is treated like a separable prefix, “nicht” is used rather than “kein,” because it is felt that what is being negated in this case is not the noun (Tennis, Basketball etc.) - Nein, ich esse keinen Apfel. Quiz on Nicht vs Kein, created by Devyn Herron on 14/12/2014. And Terms of Service apply subject of the sentence, as described.. 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