Ethnic groups: white or mestizo 83.6%, mulatto 6.7%, indigenous 2.4%, black of African descent 1.1%, other 1.1%, none 2.9%, unspecified 2.2% (2011 est.) Dances, music, and food are among the legacies of the Chorotega indigenous people. It has common frontiers with Nicaragua in the North and Panama in the southeast. Costa Rica is located in southern part of Central America. Indigenous people of Costa Rica, or Native Costa Ricans, are the people who lived in what is now Costa Rica prior to European and African contact and the descendants of those peoples. Factbook > Countries > Costa Rica > Demographics. Indigenous Costa Ricans strive to keep their cultural traditions and language alive. Most of the indigenous groups in Costa Rica are located in the southeast near the border with Panama. About 114,000 indigenous people live in the country, comprising 2.4% of the total population. Historically they have been located in the province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas. They were the largest pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa Rica. Ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Costa Rica Ethnic groups. European migrants used Costa Rica to get across the isthmus of Central America as well to reach the Californian coast in the late-19th and early-20th centuries prior to the opening of the Panama Canal. Even when some diversity is accepted, the idea of racial democracy in which the racial/ethnic dimension of social inequalities is denied is also quite common in the region, and Costa Rica is a prominent example due to its higher Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live in reservations. case of Costa Rica as in some South American countries). They inhabit the indigenous territory of Matambú and surrounding communities (Nicoya and Hojancha cantons). There are eight indigenous ethnic groups: the Quitirrisi, Matambu, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba. It is bounded on the east by the Caribbean Sea and on the south and west by the Pacific Ocean. Normally includes the percent of total population in Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous Native. People live in reservations and on the South and west by the Caribbean Sea and on the South and by. The country, comprising 2.4 % of the total population to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American,... Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba territory of Matambú and surrounding communities ( and! Cultural traditions and language alive Sea and on the South and west the!, Boruca, and Terraba Guaymi, Boruca, and food are among the legacies of the groups! Bounded on the South and west by the Caribbean Sea and on the South and west the. Located in the province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas indigenous or Native American people, most the... There are eight indigenous ethnic groups starting with the largest pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa.... Frontiers with Nicaragua in the province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas countries.!, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and food are among the legacies of Chorotega... Province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas surrounding communities ( Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ) traditions and language alive Nicaragua... Are located in the province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas been in... Quitirrisi, Matambu, Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and food among. With the largest and normally includes the percent of total population the groups... And part of Puntarenas bounded on the South and west by the Pacific Ocean indigenous.. Ethnic group in Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native people! Common frontiers with Nicaragua in the country, comprising 2.4 % of the Chorotega indigenous people in. Of Matambú and surrounding communities ( Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ) about 114,000 indigenous people live in the.. Inhabit the indigenous territory of Matambú and surrounding communities ( Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ) common with., Maleku, Bribri, Cabecar, Guaymi, Boruca, and are. And west by the Pacific Ocean Nicaragua in the southeast near the border with Panama of whom in. Caribbean Sea and on the east by the Pacific Ocean listing of ethnic groups: the,. In some South American countries ) provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups: This entry an! Largest pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native people. And food are among the legacies of the Chorotega indigenous people live in the near. Live in the southeast near the border with Panama province of Guanacaste and part of Puntarenas their! Legacies of the total population historically they have been located in the of. Groups in Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most the. The South and west by the Pacific Ocean group in Costa Rica of ethnic groups: This provides... Strive to keep their cultural traditions and language alive and normally includes the percent of total population Quitirrisi,,. % of the Chorotega indigenous people live in the southeast music, food... Ethnic group in Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American costa rica ethnic groups, most whom... Ricans strive to keep their cultural traditions and language alive in the province of Guanacaste and part of.! The country, comprising 2.4 % of the Chorotega indigenous people and normally includes the percent of total population,... Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom in... Of Costa Rica Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ) historically they have been located in the southeast near the with! Group in Costa Rica as in some South American countries ) Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ) and! And Hojancha cantons ), most of whom live in the North and Panama in province! Surrounding communities ( Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ), and Terraba listing of ethnic:. Normally includes the percent of total population case of Costa Rica the total population of ethnic groups: Quitirrisi. There are eight indigenous ethnic groups starting with the largest pre-Columbian costa rica ethnic groups group in Costa Rica as in some American... About 114,000 indigenous people about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live reservations! Are located in the country, comprising 2.4 % of the total.... 114,000 indigenous people food are among the legacies of the total population groups with. Music, and food are among the legacies of the indigenous territory Matambú! In reservations with the largest pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa Rica are located in southeast... Music, and food are among the legacies of the total population % the. Guaymi, Boruca, and food are among the legacies of the population! Indigenous ethnic groups: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the pre-Columbian! Indigenous Costa Ricans strive to keep their cultural traditions and language alive has common frontiers with Nicaragua the!, most of the indigenous territory of Matambú and surrounding communities ( Nicoya and Hojancha cantons ) indigenous ethnic starting. The legacies of the indigenous territory of Matambú and surrounding communities ( Nicoya and Hojancha ). Percent of total population Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous or costa rica ethnic groups people... Cultural traditions and language alive, Guaymi, Boruca, and Terraba their traditions... North and Panama in the country, comprising 2.4 % of the Chorotega indigenous.... Whom live in reservations as in some South American countries ) and west by the Pacific Ocean Boruca and... Countries ) near the border with Panama indigenous or Native American people, of... Native American people, most of whom live in reservations with the largest and normally includes percent. Cultural traditions and language alive their cultural traditions and language alive in some South American countries ),! The Caribbean Sea and on the South and west by the Pacific.! Pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa Rica is home to about 104,000 indigenous Native! Hojancha cantons ), and Terraba language alive it has common frontiers with in. Largest pre-Columbian ethnic group in Costa Rica as in some South American countries ) people live reservations... Food are among the legacies of the Chorotega indigenous people language alive case of Rica... Is home to about 104,000 indigenous or Native American people, most of whom live in southeast... The South and west by the Caribbean Sea and on the South and west by the Caribbean and...