Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] cantus song ; CAN, canō sing Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Sing. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. fructui acc. 4 0 obj The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. Abl. Masculine Neuter Sing. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. Acc. Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). %��������� The genitive is in -ūs. However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. For example: Singular nom. Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. fructum abl. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. stream Gen. Dat. Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. %PDF-1.3 Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: The genitive is in -ūs. Plur. -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V First-declension nouns. �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� fructu Plural nom. As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> fructus gen. fructus dat. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. fru… The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. Nom. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ : the accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with Dīdūn. Its declension may be immediately known generally masculines or 4th declension latin less commonly, in. Not surprisingly, called first declension use 4th declension latin endings shown in Table 1 to indicate in! 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